Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It can affect one joint or multiple joints.
There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods.
Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
A bunion or bony, often painful hump at the base of the big toe.
Bunions form at a joint. That’s where the toe bends normally when you walk.
But when you have a bunion, all of your body weight rests on it each time you take a step.
It can hurt when you walk. And, because your shoe likely rubs against it.
Diabetes protective shoe with removable soft cushion insole, as applicable with orthopedic shoe
device height care with diabetes adapted footbed (DAF), or orthopedic custom made shoes for foot
proportions that cannot be fitted with a mass produced last/for foot deformity which leads to local
increased pressure/for failed adequate pre-care/for orthopedic indications.
- FALLEN ARCHES
When the tendons all pull the proper amount, then your foot forms a moderate, normal arch.
When tendons do not pull together properly, there is little or no arch. This is called flat foot or fallen arch.
- FLAT or SPLAY FEET
In a person with fallen arches, one or both feet may be flat on the ground, and shoes may wear unevenly,
especially on one side, or they may wear out more quickly than usual.
- HALLUX VALGUS
Hallux valgus is considered to involve the following:
– Medial deviation of the first metatarsal
– Lateral deviation and/or rotation of the hallux
– Prominence, with or without medial soft-tissue enlargement of the first metatarsal head
This condition can lead to painful motion of the joint and difficulty with footwear.
- HALLUX RIGIDUS
Hallux rigidus is an arthritic condition often leading to pain and stiffness within the joint located behind the big toe. Arthritis is often described as a wearing out or erosion of the cartilage between the joints.
- HEEL SPUR
A heel spur is a calcium deposit causing a bony protrusion on the underside of the heel bone.
On an X-ray, a heel spur can extend forward by as much as a half-inch.
Without visible X-ray evidence, the condition is sometimes known as “heel spur syndrome.”
- METATARSAL HEAD
The metatarsal bones
, or metatarsus
are a group of five long bones in the foot, located between the
tarsal bones of the hind- and mid-foot and the phalanges of the toes. Lacking individual names,
the metatarsal bones are numbered from the medial side (the side of the great toe): the first, second,
third, fourth, and fifth metatarsal.
The metatarsals are analogous to the metacarpal bones of the h
. The lengths of the metatarsal bones in humans are, in descending order: second, third, fourth, fifth and first.
Neuropathy is the term used to describe a problem with the nerves, usually the ‘peripheral nerves’ as
opposed to the ‘central nervous system’ (the brain and spinal cord).
Neuropathy is seen with a number of different underlying medical conditions. It can also exist without
the cause being possible to diagnose, when doctors called it ‘idiopathic.’
- OSTEO ARTRITIS
Sometimes called degenerative joint disease or degenerative arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) is the most
common chronic condition of the joints. OA can affect any joint, but it occurs most often in knees, hips,
lower back and neck, small joints of the fingers and the bases of the thumb and big toe.
- PLANTAR FASCIATIS
Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain. The plantar fascia is the flat band of tissue (ligament)
that connects your heel bone to your toes. It supports the arch of your foot. If you strain your plantar fascia,
it gets weak, swollen, and irritated (inflamed). Then your heel or the bottom of your foot hurts when you stand or walk.
Plantar fasciitis is common in middle-aged people. It also occurs in younger people who are on their feet a lot, like athletes or soldiers. It can happen in one foot or both feet.
A pedorthist is a professional who has specialized training to modify footwear and employ supportive
devices to address conditions which affect the feet and lower limbs.
They are trained in the assessment of lower limb anatomy and biomechanics, and the appropriate use
of corrective footwear – including shoes, shoe modifications and other pedorthic devices.